Kihon Kata Kumite Kime in Karate by Myint Kywe 先生

Kihon Kata Kumite Kime in Karate

Myint Kywe 先生
Soshiki Karate School
組織空手 soshiki karate クラブの首席先生
(松濤館 空手 style)

Kime (focus or power) is the ultimate purpose of the kihon-kata-kumite trinity.

(I remember Anthony Liccione said: “A tree stands strong not by its fruits or branches, but by the depth of its roots.”)

There are three components to shotokan karate training: kihon, kata, and kumite. Each plays a crucial role to the development of karate skills.

Kime means "power" or "focus," describing the instantaneous tensing at the correct moment during a technique. Kime is actually the very “essence” of Karate. If you cannot learn karate without kime, your karate is NOT complete and your karate is nothing. It is where Karate derives power from at the point of impact of a punching or striking technique.  Kime is concentration of spirit, mental and physical body.
Kihon, Kumite and Kata are useless without use of Kime.

Kime (focus) is defined as an explosive attack that focuses all of the body's energy at the moment of impact, creating the fastest and strongest technique possible

By practicing only Kata in Karate is NOT complete.
Conversely, by practicing only
Kumite in Karate is NOT also complete.
The real Karate not only involves athletic training, but also practices Kata, Kihon, (Kata+bunkai) and Kumite systematically really.
Real karate is not about involved sport training and combat training. Real karate is consisting about… sport training, combat training, self confident, self control, self discipline, strength of character, kindness, compassion, awareness, humble, forgiveness, tolerance, ethics, morality and useful techniques.

Kata is actually the very “essence” of Karate. Kumite is actually the very “essence” of Karate. But, if you cannot learn karate without kata, your karate is not complete and your karate is nothing. If you cannot learn karate without kumite, your karate is not complete and your karate is nothing.

Kata and kumite are complementary training methods. In kata, one learns basic techniques; in kumite, one applies them with a sparring partner. The principles of kihon still apply to kumite: the karateka (karate practitioner) must apply proper karate techniques, demonstrate correct power and speed, and, above all, exercise good control -- contact is prohibited. One must remember that, while kumite is a useful application of the fundamentals learned through kata, it is not a substitute for kata.

There are three types of kumite: basic kumite, ippon (one-step) kumite, and jiyu (free) kumite.

Karate would be meaningless without kime, the ability to concentrate the greatest amount of force at the point of attack (or block). Those with great muscular strength do not excel at karate, if they never learn to use their muscles to the greatest effect.

The karate practitioners who excels, does so by maximizing her muscular power through kime. In addition, the karate practitioner's power is directly related to the speed of techniques. However, speed is ineffective without proper control.

The kata are formal exercises which combine basic karate techniques such as blocking, punching, striking, and kicking -- into a series of predetermined movements. Kata combines offensive and defensive techniques, proper body movement, and changes in direction.

The kata teach the karate practitioner to dispose of numerous attackers from at least four directions. Although the kata do not involve visible opponents, the karate practitioner, through serious study of the kata, learns the art of self-defense and the ability to calmly and efficiently deal with dangerous situations. For these reasons, the kata have been the core of karate training since ancient times.

One must begin and end the kata at the same point on the floor. Each kata has its own "shape" -- depending on the kata, the karate practitioner may move along a straight line or a "T" or "I" or “H” shaped formation.

The karate practitioner cannot generate maximum power if her punches rely on the arm's muscles alone, or her kicks on the leg's muscles alone. The greatest level of power comes from concentrating all of the karate practitioner's strength, from every part of the body, on the target. In addition, the karate practitioner must generate power efficiently, using power when and where it is needed. Maximum power is required only at the point of impact.

Until then, the karate practitioner should stay relaxed and avoid generating unnecessary power. By tensing the wrong parts of the body or tensing at the wrong time, the karate practitioner only diminishes the amount of power that goes into her block or attack. While she is relaxed, the karate practitioner should stay mentally alert.  

The karate practitioner must not only understand the principles of kihon, it must give them effect with strong, elastic muscles. Strong muscles demand constant, earnest training. They also require the karate practitioner to know which muscles to use in her techniques: well-trained muscles will lead to strong and effective karate.

"Karate is suitable for every age, everybody, boys and girls". 
"But Karate practitioners should be non-belligerent. If a belligerent person used his Karate for bully to other, his Karate is nothing. If someone uses his Karate for ARROGANCE, his Karate is NOTHING.
Everyone must learn Karate righteously and honestly".

“I am a karate teacher since 1978.
I have been practicing karate since 1970.
I have had experience 44 years in karate.
However, I am always a student in karate”.

Best Karate, Vol. 1, Masatoshi Nakayama.
Dynamic Karate, Masatoshi Nakayama.